#### Estimating And Counting Mcqs – (Civil Engineering) MCQs Latest For FPSC, PPSC, NTS, KPPSC, SPSC & Other Tests

**“** Estimating And Counting Mcqs **“.** Tab this page to check **“Latest ** Estimating And Counting Mcqs**“** for the preparation of **competitive mcqs, FPSC mcqs, PPSC mcqs, SPSC mcqs, KPPSC mcqs, AJKPSC mcqs, BPSC mcqs, NTS mcqs, PTS mcqs, OTS mcqs, Atomic Energy mcqs, Pak Army mcqs, Pak Navy mcqs, CTS mcqs, ETEA mcqs** and others. The most occurred **mcqs of ** Estimating And Counting in past papers. **Past papers of ** Estimating And Counting Mcqs. **Past papers of ** Estimating And Counting Mcqs . Mcqs are the necessary part of any competitive / job related exams. The Estimating And Counting Mcqs having specific numbers in any written test. It is therefore everyone have to learn / remember the related Estimating And Counting Mcqs . The Important series of Estimating And Counting Mcqs are given below:

**The rate of an item of work depends on_________________?**

A. Specifications of materials

B. Specifications of works

C. Proportion of mortar**D. All the above**

**The main factor to be considered while preparing a detailed estimate, is________________?**

A. Quantity of the materials

B. Transportation of materials

C. Availability of materials **D. All the above**

**The plinth area of a building not includes_________________?**

A. Lift and wall including landing

B. Internal shaft for sanitary installations up to 2 sq m. in area

C. Area of the walls at the floor level **D. Area of cantilevered porch**

**While estimating a reinforced cement structure, the omitted cover of concrete is assumed_______________?**

A. For reinforcing longitudinal bar in a beam 25 mm minimum or diameter of the largest bar which is more

B. In thin slabs, 12 mm minimum or diameter of the bar whichever is more

C. At the end of reinforcing bar, not less than 25 mm or twice the diameter of the bar **D. All the above**

**While estimating the qualities for the construction of a building, the correct metric unit is________________?**

A. Cubic metre for area

B. Metre for length

C. Square metres for volume**D. Litre for capacity**

**The brick work is not measured in cu m in case of_______________?**

A. One or more than one brick wall

B. Reinforced brick work

C. Brick work in arches **D. Half brick wall**

**The assumption on which the trapezoidal formula for volumes is based, is________________?**

A. The mid-area of a pyramid is half the average area of the ends

B. The end sections are parallel planes

C. The volume of the Prismoidal is over-estimated and hence a Prismoidal correction is applied**D. All the above**

**According to Indian Standards Institute, the actual size of modular bricks is_______________?**

A. 25 cm × 13 cm × 7.5 cm

B. 23 cm × 11.5 cm × 7.5 cm **C. 19 cm × 9 cm × 9 cm**

D. 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm

**The cross -sections for a highway is taken at_________________?**

A. 30 metres apart

B. Right angle to the centre line

C. Intermediate points having abrupt change in gradient**D. All the above**

**In the mid-section formula__________________?**

A. The area of mid-sections is calculated by using mean depth

B. The mean depth is the average of depths of two consecutive sections

C. The volume of the earth work is calculated by multiplying the mid-section area by the distance between the two original sections**D. All of the above**

**A cement concrete road is 1000 m long, 8 m wide and 15 cm thick over the sub-base of 10 cm thick gravel. The box cutting in road crust is__________________?**

A. 1000 m3

B. 500 m3 **C. 1500 m3**

D. 2000 m3

**If the formation level of a highway has a uniform gradient for a particular length, and the ground is also having a longitudinal slope, the earthwork may be calculated by_______________?**

A. Trapezoidal formula

B. Mid-section formula

C. Prismoidal formula**D. All the above**

**Brick walls are measured in sq. m if the thickness of the wall is_________________?**

**A. 10 cm**

B. 20 cm

C. 15 cm

D. None of these

**The rate of payment is made for 100 cu m (per % cu m) in case of__________________?**

A. Rock cutting

B. Earth work in excavation

C. Excavation in trenches for foundation**D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement regarding the centre line method of estimating a building?**

A. The centre line is worked out separately for different sections of walls of a building

B. Product of the centre line of the walls and area of cross-section of any item, gives total quantity of the item

C. The centre line length is reduced by half the layer of main wall joining the partition wall**D. All the above**

**The following item of earth work is not measured separately ?**

A. Site clearance

B. Setting out of works

C. Steps in deep excavation**D. All the above**

**The area of the cross-section of a road fully in banking shown in the given figure, is________________?**

**A. [sb² + r² (2bd + sd)²]/(r² – s²)**

B. [sb² + r² (2bd + sd)²]/(r – s)

C. [sb² + r² (2bd + sd)²]/(r² – s5)

D. None of these

**The measurement is made in square metre in case of_________________?**

A. R.C.C. structure

B. Cement concrete in foundation

C. Hollow concrete block wall**D. None of these**

**Cost of fittings and their fixing is specified for the following sanitary fittings________________?**

A. Flushing pipes

B. Water closets

C. Lavatory basins**D. All the above**

**For the construction of buildings, the subheads of the estimate are________________?**

A. Brickwork, Stone work, Roofing

B. Earthwork, Concrete work, Brick work

C. Brickwork Flooring, Wood work, Steel work**D. All the above**

**The cross -section of a road partly in banking and partly in cutting is shown in the given figure. The area of the shaded portion is__________________?**

**A. b – rd)²/(r – s)**

B. ½ × (b + rd)²/(r – s)

C. b – rd)²/(r + s)

D. b – rd)²/(s – r)

**The excavation exceeding 1.5 m in width and 10 sq.m in plan area with a depth not exceeding 30 cm, is termed as_______________?**

A. Surface dressing

B. Excavation

C. Cutting**D. Surface excavation**

**As per Indian Standard Specifications, the peak discharge for domestic purposes per capita per minute, is taken________________?**

A. 1.20 litres for 15 users

B. 1.80 litres for 5 to 10 users

C. 1.35 for 20 users**D. All the above**

**The expected out turn of cement concrete 1 : 2 : 4 per mason per day is_________________?**

A. 2.5 m3

B. 1.5 m 3

C. 3.5 m3**D. 5.0 m3**

**The area is measured correct to the nearest___________________?**

**A. 0.01 sqm**

B. 0.03 sqm

C. 0.02 sqm

D. 0.04 sqm

**In long and short wall method of estimation, the length of long wall is the centre to centre distance between the walls and_________________?**

A. One fourth breadth of wall on each side **B. Half breadth of wall on each side**

C. Breadth of the wall

D. None of these

**Pick up the excavation where measurements are made in square metres for payment ?**

A. Ordinary cuttings up to 1 m

B. Surface excavation up to 30 cm depths

C. Surface dressing up to 15 cm depths **D. Both B. and C.**

**The trap which is provided to disconnect the house drain from the street sewer is called_________________?**

A. Intercepting trap

B. Master trap

C. Interception manhole**D. All the above**

**The cost of the earthwork in excavation for the surface drain of cross-section shown in the given figure for a total length of 5 metres @ Rs. 450% cum, is_______________?**

A. Rs. 425

B. Rs. 400 **C. Rs. 450**

D. Rs. 500

**The measurement is not made in square metres in case of________________?**

A. Form works

B. D.P.C. (Damp proof course)

C. Concrete Jeffries**D. R.C. Chhajja**

**Due to change in price level, a revised estimate is prepared if the sanctioned estimate exceeds_________________?**

A. 2.5 %

B. 2.0 %

C. 4.0 %**D. 5.0 %**

**The expected out turn of 2.5 cm cement concrete floor per mansion per day__________________?**

A. 5.0 sqm

B. 2.5 sqm **C. 7.5 sqm**

D. 10 sqm

**While preparing a detailed estimate__________________?**

A. Area should be measured correct to 0.01 sqm

B. Dimension should be measured correct to 0.01 m

C. Volume should be measured correct to 0.01 cum**D. All the above**

**The most reliable estimate is_________________?**

**A. Detailed estimate**

B. Plinth area estimate

C. Preliminary estimate

D. Cube rate estimate

**According to ISI method of measurement, the order of the sequence is_________________?**

**A. Length, breadth, height**

B. Height, length, breadth

C. Breadth, length, height

D. None of these

**The item of the brick structure measured in sq.m, is___________________?**

A. Brick edging **B. Broken glass coping**

C. Reinforced brick work

D. Brick work in arches

**The reduced levels of points, 30 metres apart along the longitudinal section of a road portion between chainages 5 and 9 are shown in the given figure. If there is a uniform up-gradient of the road 120 in 1, the chainage of the point with no filling or cutting is__________________?**

A. (6 + 18) chains **B. (6 + 12) chains**

C. (6 + 15) chains

D. None of these

**Anti-siphonage pipe is connected to__________________?**

A. Bottom of P trap W.C.

B. Main soil pipe **C. Top of P trap W.C.**

D. Side of water closet

**A portion of an embankment having a uniform up-gradient 1 in 500 is circular with radius 1000 m of the centre line. It subtends 180° at the centre. If the height of the bank is 1 m at the lower end, and side slopes 2:1, the earth work involved ?**

A. 26,500 m3

B. 26,000 m3

C. 27,000 m3**D. 27,500 m3**

**The concrete work for the following part of the building of specified thickness is measured in square metres_______________?**

A. Root slabs

B. Wall panels

C. Floors **D. All the above**

**The total length of a cranked bar through a distance D. at 45° in case of a beam of effective length L, is_________________?**

A. L – (0.42 d) **B. L + (2 × 0.42 d)**

C. L + 0.42 d

D. L – (2 × 0.4 d)

**The measurement is made for stone work in square metre in case of________________?**

A. Wall facing

B. Columns, lintels, copings

C. Building work**D. A. and D. of the above**

**The expected out turn of 12 mm plastering with cement mortar is_______________?**

A. 4.0 sq m

B. 2.5 sq m

C. 6.0 sq m**D. 8.0 sq m**

**Carpet area does not include the area of_________________?**

A. Bath room and lavatory

B. The walls along with doors and other openings

C. Kitchen and pantry**D. All the above**

**In case of laying gullies, siphons, intercepting traps, the cost includes_______________?**

A. Bed concreting

B. Setting and laying

C. Connection to drains**D. All of these**

**The inspection pit or chamber is a manhole provided in a base drainage system________________?**

A. At every change of gradient

B. At every change of direction

C. At every 30 m intervals**D. All the above**

**The ‘centre line method’ is specially adopted for estimating_________________?**

A. Hexagonal buildings

B. Circular buildings

C. Octagonal buildings**D. All the above**

**The order of booking dimensions is________________?**

**A. Length, breadth, height**

B. Height, breadth, length

C. Breadth, length, height

D. None of these

**The correct Prismoidal formula for volume is________________?**

A. D/6 [first area + odd areas] **B. D/3 [first area + last area + 4 Even area + 2 odd areas]**

C. D/3 [first area + last area + 2 Even area + 4 odd areas]

D. D [first area + last area + Even area + 2 odd areas]

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The incidental expenses of a miscellaneous character which could not be predicted during preparation of the estimate, is called contingencies

B. Detailed specifications specify qualities, quantities and the proportions of materials to be used for a particular item

C. Additional supervising staff engaged at work site, is called work charged establishment **D. All the above**

**The diameter of a domestic sewer pipe laid at gradient 1 in 100 is recommended___________________?**

A. 200 mm **B. 150 mm**

C. 100 mm

D. 175 mm

**Pick up the incorrect statement regarding a master trap from the following ?**

A. The mica flap valve which opens inwards only, is fitted at the top of the inlet pipe

B. It is provided a cleaning eye at the top of the trap

C. It is provided in between the lower end of the house drain and the street sewer **D. The water seal is less than that of ordinary traps**

**The detention period in a septic tank is assumed___________________?**

A. 25 minutes

B. 20 minutes **C. 30 minutes**

D. 40 minutes

**If B is the width of formation, d is the height of the embankment, side slope S : 1, for a highway with no transverse slope, the area of cross-section is___________________?**

A. B × d – Sd1/2 **B. Bd + Sd2**

C. B + d + Sd

D. ½ (Bd + Sd2)

**Pick up the item of work not included in the plinth area estimate______________?**

A. Room area

B. Wall thickness

C. W.C. area**D. Courtyard area**

**The minimum width of a septic tank is taken__________________?**

A. 80 cm **B. 75 cm**

C. 70 cm

D. 90 cm

**The expected out turn for earth work in excavation in ordinary soil per workman per day is_______________?**

A. 2.00 cum

B. 1.00 cum **C. 3.00 cum**

D. 4.00 cum

**The brick work is measured in sq metre, in case of_________________?**

A. Brick flat soling

B. Honey comb brick work

C. Half brick walls or the partition**D. All the above**

**The item of steel work which is measured in sq.m, is_________________?**

A. Rolling shutters

B. Collapsible gates

C. Ventilators and glazing**D. All the above**

**The damp proof course (D.P.C.) is measured in________________?**

A. Metres **B. Sq. m**

C. Cub. m

D. None of these

**The volume is measured correct to the nearest__________________?**

**A. 0.01 cum**

B. 0.03 cum

C. 0.02 cum

D. 0.04 cum

**88 is 1400 kg/cm2 and bond stress is 6 kg/cm2, the If tensile stress of a steel rod of diameter required bond length of the rod is____________________?**

A. 30 D

B. 50 D

C. 39 D **D. 59 D**

**Size, capacity and materials need be specified for__________________?**

A. Stop-cocks

B. Bib-cocks

C. Ball valves**D. All the above**

**The floor area includes the area of the balcony up to_________________?**

A. 75 %

B. 100 % **C. 50 %**

D. 25 %

**The weight of an item is measured correct to nearest_________________?**

A. 0.50 kg

B. 0.25 kg

C. 0.75 kg**D. 1.00 kg**

**Berms are provided in canals if these are__________________?**

A. Fully in embankment **B. Partly in excavation and partly in embankment**

C. Fully in excavation

D. All the above

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The formal acceptance by the administrative department for incurring an expenditure on the work, is called administrative approval

B. The actual expenditure involved to complete a work including incidental, establishment and travelling charges, is called actual cost

C. The estimated value of the work excluding the amount for contingencies, work charged establishment, tool and plants, is called work value **D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The earth work in trenches or borrow pits in irregular ground is measured by taking the difference in levels before and after completion of work

B. The earth work of cutting in trenches or borrow pits in fairly uniform ground is measured with the help of average depths of the dead men

C. The earth work in trenches or borrow pits, where neither a nor b is feasible, are measured from the fillings after deduction of voids**D. All the above**

**Referring of given figure, pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The total length of centre line of four walls is 20 m

B. Length of short walls in-to-in is 3.20 m

C. Length of long wall out-to -out is 6.80 m **D. All the above**

**Pick up the incorrect statement from the following?**

A. The unit of lead is 50 m for a distance upto 500 m

B. The lead is calculated for each block of the excavated area

C. Lead is the average horizontal straight distance between the borrow pit and the place of spreading soil **D. The unit of lead is 1 km where the lead exceeds 2 km**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The earthwork calculation in excavation is made from the difference in levels obtained with a level

B. In order to check up the average depth of excavation, ‘Dead man s’ are left at the mid-widths of borrow pits

C. The earth work in excavation to form the road embankment includes the formation of correct profile and depositing the soil in layers**D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. Area of canal in cutting = BD + Sd2 where B = bed width, d = depth of cutting and S is the side slope

B. If the bed level is above N.S.L. the canal is called fully in baking and the berms are designed as 3 d where d is full supply depth of water (F.S.D.)

C. If F.S.L. is above N.S.L the canal is called partly in cutting and partly in filling and berms are designed as 2d where d is full supply depth**D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following ?**

A. Plastering is measured in sq.m

B. Pointing is measured in sq.m

C. Glazing is measured in sq.m**D. All the above**

**Pick up the incorrect statement from the following ?**

A. No deduction is made for the openings upto 0.1 sq.m

B. No deduction is made for the volume occupied by reinforcement

C. No deduction is made for volumes occupied by pipes, not exceeding 100 sq.cm in cross-section**D. None of these**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. Cement is paid per 50 kg bag

B. Bricks are paid per thousand

C. Lime is paid per quintal**D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement in case of water supply ?**

A. Pipes laid in trenches and pipes fixed to walls are measured separately

B. Pipes are classified according to their sizes and quality

C. Cutting through walls and floors are included with the item **D. All the above**

**Pick up the incorrect statement from the following?**

A. The usable covered area of the rooms of any storey of a building is called carpet area

B. The built up covered area at the floor level of any storey of a building is called plinth area

C. The carpet area of a building along with area of its kitchen, pantry, store, lavatory, bath room and glazed veranda, is called floor area**D. None of these**

**Pick up the incorrect statement from the following?**

A. Areas are measured to the nearest 0.01 sq.m

B. Dimensions are measured to the nearest 0.01 m **C. Cubic contents are measured to the nearest 0.1 cum**

D. Weights are measured to the nearest 0.001 tonnes

**The slope of the outlet of ‘P trap’ below the horizontal is kept________________?**

A. 10°

B. 8°

C. 12°**D. 14°**

**The expected out turn of half brick partition wall per mason per day is___________________?**

A. 4.0 m2 **B. 2.0 m3**

C. 1.5 m 3

D. 5.0 m2

**For 100 sq. m cement concrete (1 : 2: 4) 4 cm thick floor, the quantity of cement required, is_______________?**

A. 0.98 m3 **B. 0.94 m3**

C. 0.90 m3

D. 1.00 m3

**For 12 mm thick cement plastering 1 : 6 on 100 sq.m new brick work, the quantity of cement required, is___________________?**

A. 0.247 m3

B. 0.200 m3 **C. 0.274 m3**

D. 0.295 m3

**The height of the sink of wash basin above floor level is kept____________________?**

A. 70 cm

B. 60 cm **C. 75 cm to 80 cm**

D. 80 cm

**The expected out turn of brick work in cement mortar in foundation and plinth per mason per day, is ________________?**

A. 1.50 m3 **B. 1.25 m3**

C. 1.00 m3

D. 1.75 m3

**Pick up the item whose weight is added to the weight of respective item, is________________?**

A. Brackets

B. Cleats

C. Bolts**D. All the above**

**The ground surface slopes 1 in 50 along a proposed railway embankment 150 m in length. The height of the embankment at zero chainage is 0.5 m, the width is 11 m and side slopes 2:1. If the falling gradient of the embankment is 1 in 150, the quantity of the earthwork calculated by Prismoidal formula, is____________________?**

A. 3275 m3 **B. 3225 m3**

C. 3250 m3

D. 3300 m3

**S: 1 and length is______________?**

A. d2 × ( ds)2]

B. d × d × s **C. L.D 1 + s2)**

D. 2 L.D 1 + s 2)

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The diameter of the pipes is the nominal diameter of internal bore

B. All pipes and fittings are classified according to their diameters

C. All pipes are measured along the centre line of the pipes in metres**D. All the above**

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The grating provided over gully traps is 23 cm square **B. The gully trap collects waste water from the kitchen, sink, wash basins, etc.**

C. The gully trap disconnects the sullage drain from the main drainage system

D. In a gully trap, a water seal of 6 to 7.5 cm is provided

**Pick up the correct statement from the following?**

A. The bending of bars near supports is generally at 45°

B. The bent up bars at a support resist the sharing force

C. The bent up bars at a support resist the negative bending moment **D. All the above**