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Which school of literary theory contends that sexual identity is not fixed and, instead, is generated by cultural forces ?
A. Marxist theory
C. Reader-response theory
D. Queer theory
Which of the following statements best describes the worldview represented by postmodern theater ?
A. Mainstream audiences are so shallow that it is not worth writing plays for them.
B. Universal truth doesn’t exist, and audience members must discover truth for themselves.
C. The world is so complex that it does not require literature or theater.
D. The world is a bright and interesting place.
Which of the following offers the best definition of the concept of narrative poetry ?
A. A narrative poem is a poem written in the style of a conversation.
B. A narrative poem is a poem that does not have a plot or tell a story.
C. A narrative poem has a plot and tells a story.
D. A narrative poem is vague and difficult in style.
A work of criticism that considers how the author’s childhood trauma influenced his characters would be an example of_____________?
A. psychoanalytic criticism.
B. New Criticism.
C. Marxist criticism.
In his essay, “The Significance of Fictionalizing”, Wolfgang Iser argues which of the following points ?
A. Fictionalizing reality is a basic human need.
B. Historically, writers have been considered liars or at the very least irrelevant.
C. Every text includes traces from the outside world, including social, historical, and literary remnants.
D. All of these.
Which of the following statements offers the best definition of a tragic hero ?
A. A cowardly person who doubts himself or herself despite possessing great wealth and political power
B. A noble person who becomes completely corrupted
C. A cowardly person who shows some personal strength when faced with a crisis
D. A noble person who makes a costly mistake
Which of the following best describes epic theater as defined by Berthold Brecht ?
A. Epic theater privileges feeling over reason.
B. Epic theater turns the passive spectator into an active observer.
C. Epic theater is plot-driven theater.
D. Epic theater maintains the illusion of realism.
Which of the following may be an antagonist to the protagonist of a novel ?
A. Another character
C. The protagonist
D. All of these
In Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18”, the poet does which of the following ?
A. Compares his love to a turbulent sea
B. Compares his love to a summer’s day
C. Compares his love to a winter storm
D. Compares his love to his fear of death
Ethos is important to establish in which of the following types of arguments ?
A. Deductive arguments
B. Political arguments
C. Emotional arguments
D. Inductive arguments
In her text, “History of the Novel”, How does Dr. Agatha Taormina define the novel ?
A. A narrative that emphasizes character development
B. A narrative that conveys the illusion of reality
C. A narrative with a unified, plausible plot structure
D. All of these
According to Dr. Taormina, Victorian novelists generally________________?
A. wrote in a hyperrealistic fashion.
B. accepted middle class values.
C. wanted to subvert middle class values.
D. had a negative view of human nature.
What are some of the hallmarks or conventions of the poetic form of the ode ?
A. Simplicity in language, lengthiness in form, and humorousness in attitude
B. Complexity in language, lengthiness in form, and seriousness in attitude
C. Simplicity in language, brevity in form, and humorousness in attitude
D. Complexity in language, brevity in form, and humorousness in attitude
According to Dr. Frances Pritchett’s version of Shamsur Rahman Faruqi’s “The Historical Novel and the Historical Narrative”, which of the following offers the best definition of a “history” ?
A. A narrative without characters
B. A narrative that does not analyze characters on a situation-by-situation basis
C. A narrative based entirely on verifiable facts
D. A narrative that takes place in the past.
In his essay, “Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays”, William Hazlitt conceptualizes Hamlet as_______________?
A. a wicked and manipulative man.
B. a man of tremendous humor, simplicity, and innate goodness and kindness.
C. a depressed but ultimately good and nonviolent man.
D. a disturbed and insane man.
In “Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays”, how does William Hazlitt ultimately conceptualize the character of Hamlet ?
A. As boyish and immature
B. As a profound philosophical genius
C. As a crazed fool
D. As a brilliant warrior
Which of the following statements best represents the main theme of Beckett’s “Waiting for Godot” ?
A. Redemption comes from surrendering to a higher power.
B. Good things, including salvation, come to those who are patient.
C. The world can be fully understood if people listen closely to what others are saying.
D. People are fundamentally unable to realize any sort of inherent meaning in existence.
Which of the following descriptions best describes the character of Hamlet ?
A. Hamlet is depressed yet highly intelligent.
B. Hamlet is spoiled and manipulative.
C. Hamlet is naive and simple minded.
D. Hamlet is intellectually passive and deeply frightened of his father’s ghost.
Which of the following statements about Greek tragedies is true ?
A. They were almost never set in the past.
B. They were usually set in the past.
C. They were not popular with ancient Greek audiences.
D. They were often done in honor of the Greek god Zeus.
What is the central argument in Dr. Richard Kelly’s “The Novelist’s Eye” ?
A. All novelists are painters at heart.
B. George du Maurier felt that black-andwhite illustrators could be as important as novelists and painters.
C. George du Maurier was a tremendous influence on Victorian novelists.
D. George du Maurier attacked the social position of the novelist in his illustrations.
Reader-response theory focuses on considering how ?
A. readers decide which works of literature to read.
B. readers experience a literary work.
C. readers choose their favorite works of literature.
D. readers develop their own unique and personal critical discourses.
In his “Poetics”, Aristotle suggests that tragic literary works should be ?
A. logical in terms of plot and structure.
C. without any sort of moral insight.
D. complex in terms of plot and structure.
What does a prologue serve to do in a Greek tragedy or comedy ?
A. Preview the play’s conclusion
B. Introduce the main characters
C. Provide insight into the play’s mythological background
D. Remind the viewers of what kind of play they are viewing
Aristotle felt that ethos was established by a speaker or writer by convincing the audience that ?
A. the author or speaker was of good mind and character.
B. the author or speaker was emotionally involved in the topic at hand.
C. the author or speaker maintained the appropriate critical distance from the topic.
D. the author or speaker has provided proper logic and evidence in support of his topic.
Lauren Beth Signore’s essay, “Anne of Green Gables: The Transformation from Bildungsroman to Romantic Comedy”, argues that Anne of Green Gables is ultimately what kind of character ?
A. A romantic awaiting true love
B. A delusional girl with no grasp on reality
C. A cynic awaiting the world’s destruction
D. A young girl with a particularly dark Mindset
Which of the following descriptions of Jane Austen’s “Northanger Abbey” seems most appropriate ?
A. It is a horror novel.
B. It serves to parody gothic novels.
C. It offers a critique of Romantic poetry and ideology.
D. It is a memoir based on Jane Austen’s childhood.
What is the difference between traditional literary criticism and post-New Criticism literary theory ?
A. Traditional literary criticism only examines pre-20th-century literary texts.
B. Traditional literary criticism is mainly focused on exploring gender issues.
C. Traditional literary criticism focused on tracking influences and textual allusions and considering the historical contexts of literary texts.
D. Traditional literary criticism attempted to consider the psychological aspects of literary texts.
A gothic novel will probably not deal with which of the following themes ?
A. The supernatural
B. The sublime
D. The manners and traditions of the upper classes
According to Dr. Frances Pritchett’s version of Shamsur Rahman Faruqi’s “The Historical Novel and the Historical Narrative”, what is the difference between a historical narrative and a historical novel ?
A. Faruqi actually argues that historical novels do not exist.
B. A historical narrative tells only part of the story surrounding a historical event; a historical novel tells the whole story.
C. A historical novel focuses on providing the reader with only the central truth of a historical event, while a historical narrative attempts to tell the entire truth of a historical event.
D. A historical narrative and a historical novel are the same thing.
Marxist theory focuses on examining which of the following aspects of literary texts ?
A. The relationship between economics and the production of literary texts
B. Characters who are sympathetic to issues facing the working classes
C. The political and social meanings of literary texts
D. All of these
Which of the following statements best represents Lacan’s view of Ophelia in his essay, “Desire and the Interpretation of Desire in ’Hamlet’” ?
A. Hamlet desires revenge, not Ophelia.
B. Hamlet desires his mother, not Ophelia.
C. Hamlet desires Ophelia, but only when she is unattainable.
D. Hamlet desires attaining the throne of Denmark, of which Ophelia is a symbol.
Which of the following statements offers the best definition of an epistolary novel ?
A. A novel that consists entirely of dialogue
B. A novel set in the past
C. A novel that is set in the countryside of Europe
D. A novel that consists of a series of documents, such as diary entries, letters, and newspaper articles
A play that begins in medias res________________?
A. introduces the characters of the play one by one.
B. begins at the apparent end of the story.
C. opens by plunging the viewer into a crucial series of events.
D. begins with a preview of the play’s conclusion.
Which of the following statements offers the best definition of the term Bildungsroman ?
A. A story of one person’s success within a capitalistic economic system
B. A story of one person’s growth and development within a particular social order
C. A story of one person’s fall from grace and into destruction
D. A story of one person’s selfrealization and attempt to return to innocence
What is hermeneutics ?
A. The psychological study of authors
B. A system for categorizing books
C. The study of textual interpretation
D. A reader-response test
Which of the following offers the best description of literary theory ?
A. Literary theory involves considering the publication history of literary texts.
B. Literary theory involves measuring the quality of a literary work.
C. Literary theory involves coming to a precise understanding of a writer’s psychology.
D. Literary theory involves describing the underlying principles of a literary work.
Which of the following offers the best definition of a theatrical tragedy ?
A. A play that depicts the downfall of a noble person
B. A play in which no form of humor appears
C. A play in which a hero faces likely defeat and overcomes it
D. A play in which someone gets revenge
Dr. Allen Shoaf’s essay, “’Hamlet’: Like Mother, Like Son”, argues which of the following points ?
A. Hamlet is truly insane in the play.
B. Hamlet feels a sense of desire for both his mother and his father.
C. Hamlet’s father’s ghost is not really a ghost.
D. Hamlet is an impossible play to truly understand.
Which of the following lines provides an example of a poetic apostrophe ?
A. “Death, that which feels nothing.”
B. “She is a woman of beauty and wonder.”
C. “Milton, thou shouldst be living at this hour: / England hath need of thee.”
D. “I wandered lonely as a cloud.”
Which of the following offers the best definition of a Greek theatrical comedy ?
A. A play in which elite members of society are mocked
B. A play in which characters experience reversals of fortune, usually for the better
C. A play in which no characters die or suffer
D. A play in which characters make humorous remarks
Which of the following offers the best definition of the literary term motif ?
A. A recurring element in a story that is symbolically significant
B. A rhyme scheme
C. A character’s fatal flaw
D. A character’s moment of selfrealization in a narrative
Which of the following offers the best description of the concept of ethos ?
A. Ethos refers to a writer’s presentation of character and image.
B. Ethos refers to a writer’s ability to inspire action in readers.
C. Ethos refers to a writer’s ability to present evidence.
D. Ethos refers to a writer’s ability to inspire emotional responses in readers.
As a mode of literary criticism or theory, formalism attempted to bring which of the following to literary studies ?
A. Strict criteria for evaluating the quality of a literary text
B. A set of objective criteria for critical analysis
C. An awareness of the economic circumstances surrounding a literary text
D. An awareness of the historical circumstances surrounding a text’s production
In his preface to “Lyrical Ballads”, Wordsworth calls for poetry to be written in what kind of language?
A. Ancient languages
B. Typically poetic and fanciful language
C. Complicated and difficult language
D. Common, everyday language
Which of the following offers the best description of the concept of pathos ?
A. Pathos refers to a writer’s presentation of character and image.
B. Pathos refers to a writer’s ability to inspire action in readers.
C. Pathos refers to a writer’s ability to present evidence.
D. Pathos refers to a writer’s ability to inspire emotional responses in readers.
What is one reason that Mystery Plays are referred to as such ?
A. They involve the solving of a crime.
B. They were written by medieval mystics.
C. They explore mysterious religious topics.
D. They were produced by medieval craft guilds, which were knows as “mysteries”.
Which of the following statements offers the best characterization of a Greek tragedy ?
A. In a Greek tragedy, evil people are vanquished by the forces of good.
B. In a Greek tragedy, characters undergo reversals of fortune, usually for the worse.
C. In a Greek tragedy, the tragic hero dies at the end of the play.
D. In a Greek tragedy, the hero suffers but always survives at the end of the play.
Which of the following statements demonstrates the use of pathos ?
A. I own a handgun and keep it in a secure place in my house.
B. According to research, 22 percent of the American population owns an unsecured handgun.
C. Every month in the United States, at least 100 children are wounded or killed as a result of unsecured handguns.
D. Handguns don’t kill people, people do
According to Anthony DiMatteo’s “Shakespeare and the Public Discourse of Sovereignty: ’Reason of State’ in ’Hamlet’”, how does Shakespeare tend to present political rulers in Hamlet?
A. Shakespeare presents political rulers as flawless, perfect human beings.
B. Shakespeare presents political rulers as often meeting ruinous and violent endings.
C. Shakespeare considers all political rulers to be corrupt.
D. Shakespeare only presents fictional political rulers and does not explore any political realities.
The Freudian concept of “the uncanny” refers to_________________?
A. terror at the thought of death.
B. a sense of something being familiar and foreign at once.
C. a feeling of being disconnected from the world.
D. a realization of one’s empowered position in the world.