Direct and Indirect Speech (Concepts & Perfection)

An essay or even a sentence can’t be made without concepts & perfection.

Farhan Rasheed

All of us are aware about the importance of English Language regarding any job in a good scale & even for the competitive exams of all aspects. If a person is unaware of the fruits of this language, he/she can’t get desired results. To make any essay, precise or other stuff in English Language one must know about the English grammar which includes parts of speech, tenses and narrations (direct to indirect & indirect to direct). Keeping in view the grammatically importance we’re going to publish/explore some important techniques regarding change in Narrations (Direct/Indirect).

The main difference between both the Direct and Indirect Speech is described here to understand.

In Direct speech, The Person conveys the message of the specific persons as he/she delivered it to him.


In the indirect speech, the Person conveys the message of the specific person in own words.

For Example:-

Direct Speech

Ali Said, “I am playing cricket now”

Indirect Speech

Ali said that he was playing cricket then.


To make the indirect speech

  • All commas and quotation marks will be omitted and there will be a full stop at the end of the sentence.
  • A word “that will be added as a conjunctions. (They, in case of more than one)
  • “I” will be changed to “he/she”
  • “Am” will be changed to “was/were” (in case of more than one person)
  • “Now” will be changed to “then” as an example is mentioned above

Example for Future Tense:-

Now we’re exploring some examples that will clear your ideas regarding future tenses which are given below:

Simple Sentence

Direct Speech

She said, “I am good”.

Indirect Speech

She said that she was good.

Future Sentence

Direct Speech

She will say, “I am good”.

Indirect Speech

She will say that she is good.

Now regarding simple, present to past the rule is that simple present will change to simple past.

Past Sentence

Direct Speech

“I am sad”, he said.

Indirect Speech

He said that he was sad.

Present Continuous Sentence (Change to Past Continuous Sentence)

Direct Speech

“I am playing cricket”, she explained.

Indirect Speech

She explained that she was playing cricket.

Present Perfect Sentence (Change to Past Perfect Sentence)

Direct Speech

He said, “She has finished her pizza”.

Indirect Speech

He said that she has finished her pizza.

Present Perfect Continuous Sentence (Change to Past Perfect Continuous Sentence)

Direct Speech

“I have been to Lahore”, she told me.

Indirect Speech

She told me that she had been to Lahore.

In the above mentioned data we’ve tried to explain better the narrations in the whole possible tenses so that one may understand how to convert the narrations into desired format.