Keep up to date with the latest news

Medical MCQs – New Renal System ( Physiology ) MCQs

Medical MCQs – New Renal System ( Physiology ) MCQs

This post is comprising of latest ” ( Physiology ) MCQs – Latest Competitive Medical MCQs “. Here you’ll get latest Software engineering mcqs for written test, interview with answers. If you want to improve your knowledge regarding Software engineering then read these mcqs of Design of Steel Structures.

Latest Medical MCQs

By practicing these MCQs of Renal System ( Physiology ) MCQs – Latest Competitive Medical MCQs , an individual for exams performs better than before. This post comprising of mechanical engineering objective questions and answers related to Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs “. As wise people believe “Perfect Practice make a Man Perfect”. It is therefore practice these mcqs of Software engineering to approach the success. Tab this page to check “Renal System ( Physiology )” for the preparation of competitive mcqs, FPSC mcqs, PPSC mcqs, SPSC mcqs, KPPSC mcqs, AJKPSC mcqs, BPSC mcqs, NTS mcqs, PTS mcqs, OTS mcqs, Atomic Energy mcqs, Pak Army mcqs, Pak Navy mcqs, CTS mcqs, ETEA mcqs and others.

Latest Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs

The most occurred mcqs of Renal System ( Physiology ) in past papers. Past papers of Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs. Past papers of Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs . Mcqs are the necessary part of any competitive / job related exams. The Mcqs having specific numbers in any written test. It is therefore everyone have to learn / remember the related Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs. The Important series of Renal System ( Physiology ) Mcqs are given below:

Tubuloglomerular feedback occurs in______________?

A. Macula densa
B. Constant solute load on distal tubule
C. ADH secretion in collecting duct
D. Balance between ascending and descending loop of henle

Most of the sodium is reabsorbed in_____________?

B. Loop of henle
D. Vasa recta

The renal blood flow in (in ml/mt) is______________?

A. 800
B. 250
C. 1260
D. 1500

Ammonia in the kidney tubules is excreted in exchange for______________?

A. CL-
B. Na+
C. HCO3-
D. PO4-2

Inulin clearance closely resembles_____________?

A. G.F.R
B. Creatinine clearance
C. Renal plasma flow
D. P.A.H. clearance

Which one of the following is not responsible for concentration of urine in the kidneys______________?

A. Angiotensin II
B. Aldosterone
C. Vasopressin
D. Epinephrine

Two substances that can probably be used to determine filtration fraction are_______________?

A. Urea and diodrast
B. Inulin and mannitol
C. PAH and Phenol red
D. Inulin and PAH

Respiratory System MCQs

In renal glycosuria, the renal threshold for glucose is_______________?

A. Low
B. Same
C. High
D. Greatly increased

Proximal renal tubule is most permeable to _______________?

A. Sodium
B. Bicarbonate
C. Potassium
D. Ammonia

Major portion of glomerular filtrate is absorbed in__________________?

A. Distal convoluted tubule
B. Loop of Henle
C. Collecting duct
D. Proximal segment

GFR is increased when________________?

A. Glomerular hydrostatic pressure is decreased
B. Plasma oncotic pressure is increased
C. Tubular hydrostatic pressure is increased
D. Increased renal blood flow

Each kidney contains about ______ nephrons ?

A. One million
B. Four million
C. Two million
D. ½ million

The normal adult value of urine output________________?

A. 1.5 l/day
B. 0.5 l/day
C. 3 l/day
D. 2 l/day

Amount of glucose absorbed in proximal convoluted tubule_______________?

A. 100%
B. 60%
C. 0%
D. 50%

Formation of a small volume of concentrated urine in dehydration is associated with____________?

A. More concentration in loop of Henle
B. More reabsorption in the PCT
C. More reabsorption of DCT and collecting ducts
D. All of these

The glomerular filtration rate of the human kidney may be determined by measuring the plasma clearance of______________?

A. Urea
C. Inulin
D. Glucose

The kidney secrete all of the following hormones except_____________?

A. Erythropoietin
B. Renin
C. Vasopressin
D. 1,2,5 Dihydroxy cholecalciferol

Gut And Liver MCQs

Carbonic anhydrase in the kidney tubular cells is known to be associated with_____________?

A. Chloride
B. Urea
C. Bicarbonate ion
D. Carbohydrate

In osmotic diuresis there is_______________?

A. Increase in glomerular filtration rate
B. Increase in renal blood flow
C. Increase in NaCl concentration in urine
D. Decrease in reabsorption of Na Cl

Tubular maximum for glucose is_____________?

A. 325 mg/dl
B. 180 mg/dl
C. 375 mg/dl
D. 375 mg/dl

The reabsorption of sodium chloride is increased in proximal convoluted tubules by hormones secreted from______________?

A. Posterior pituitary
B. Anterior pituitary
C. Adrenal cortex
D. Adrenal medulla

The part of nephron” least permeable to water” is______________?

A. Descending limb of loop of Henle
B. Proximal tubule
C. Ascending limb of loop of Henle
D. Collecting tubule

In which segment of the nephron does tubular fluid has the highest osmolarity ?

A. Henle’s loop
B. Proximal tubule
C. Distal tubule
D. Collecting duct

Site of ADH action is______________?

A. Loop of Henle
B. Proximal tubule
C. Vasa recta
D. Collecting tubule

Diuresis is caused by______________?

A. Glycerol
B. Mannitol
C. Urea
D. All of the above

Macula dense in kidney is located in relation to______________?

A. Afferent arteriole
D. Efferent arteriole

Which of the following is important in renal excretion of hydrogen ion ?

A. Trapping H+ by acetate
B. Combining H+ and HCO3- via enzyme carbonic anhydrase
C. Combining H+ with Cl- to form Hcl
D. Trapping H+ by NH3+

The renal clearance of _______________?

A. Insulin is lower than that of urea
B. Creatinine indicates glomerular filtration rate
C. Chloride increases after in injection of aldosterone
D. PAH continues to rise as the plasma concentration of PAH increases

True about nephron is_____________?

A. Absorption of water occurs in ascending loop of Henle
B. 60 to 70% of GFR is absorbed in proximal tubule
C. Na is absorbed actively in descending loop of Henle
D. The filtrate reaching distal convoluted tubule is hypertonic with respect to surroundings

The hyperosmolarity of the renal medulla is due to increased content of_____________?

A. Glucose
B. Na+
C. K+
D. NH4+

Renin secretion is stimulated by all except_____________?

A. Low Na+ in proximal tubule
B. Cardiac failure
C. Sympathetic stimulation
D. High Na+ in proximal tubule

What is the glomerular filtration rate ?

A. 150 ml/min
B. 125 ml/min
C. 100 ml/min
D. 175 ml/min

To measure renal plasma clearance compound should be_________________?

A. <70,000 Mol.wt
B. Secreted by the tubules
C. Bound to plasma protein
D. Completely filtered by glomerulus

Central Nervous System MCQs

The renal threshold for glucose is_______________?

A. 180 mg / dl
B. 120 mg/dl
C. 100 mg/dl
D. 80 mg/dl

Maximum amount of glucose absorption occurs at_______________?

B. Loop of henle
D. None

Functional unit of kidney is______________?

A. Nephron
B. Collecting ducts
C. Glomerulus
D. Loop of Henle

Brush border is seen in________________?

A. Distal convoluted tubule
B. Proximal convoluted tubule
C. Bowman’s capsule
D. Loop of Henle

In the human kidney, a renal papilla project directly into the_______________?

A. Major calyx
B. Ureter
C. Minor calyx
D. Renal pyramid

Renin is released from the kidney in all except________________?

A. Fall in the BP
B. Decrease in the concentration of sodium ions in the proximal tubules
C. Decrease in the concentration of sodium ions in the distal tubules
D. Sympathetic stimulation

Test for estimating kidney function is_______________?

A. Serum phosphatase
B. Serum creatinine
C. Inulin test
D. Insulin test

A decrease in the urine output is called_____________?

A. Nocturia
B. Dysuria
C. Oliguria
D. Plyuria

Medical MCQs – New Renal System ( Physiology ) MCQs