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Most Latest Hematology ( Physiology ) MCQs – Competitive Medical MCQs

Most Latest Hematology ( Physiology ) MCQs – Competitive Medical MCQs

This post is comprising of latest ” ( Physiology ) MCQs – Latest Competitive Medical MCQs “. Here you’ll get latest Software engineering mcqs for written test, interview with answers. If you want to improve your knowledge regarding Software engineering then read these mcqs of Design of Steel Structures.

Latest Medical MCQs

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Latest Hematology ( Physiology ) Mcqs

The most occurred mcqs of Hematology ( Physiology ) in past papers. Past papers of Hematology ( Physiology ) Mcqs. Past papers of Hematology ( Physiology ) Mcqs . Mcqs are the necessary part of any competitive / job related exams. The Mcqs having specific numbers in any written test. It is therefore everyone have to learn / remember the related Hematology ( Physiology ) Mcqs. The Important series of Hematology ( Physiology ) Mcqs are given below:

Plasma factor present in both serum & plasma is____________?

A. II
B. VII
C. V
D. Fibrinogen

In PHC, which anticoagulant is used to send the blood sample for blood glucose_____________?

A. Heparin
B. EDTA
C. Potassium oxalate+ sodium fluoride
D. Potassium oxalate

Blood cells arise in bone marrow and are subject to______________?

A. Infrequent renewal
B. Regular renewal
C. Irregular renewal
D. None of the above

Site of RBC formation in 20 years old healthy male is____________?

A. Flat bones
B. Liver
C. Long bones
D. Yolk sac

In human the Hb is_______________?

A. HbM
B. HbA
C. HbH
D. HbS

Plasma cells are constituent of_____________________?

A. Muscular tissue
B. Nervous tissue
C. Epithelial tissue
D. Connective tissue

The tissue macrophages are derived from the________________?

A. Eosinophil
B. Neutrophil
C. Monocyte
D. All of the above

In a blood sample antiserum A and antiserum B and Rh+ ve factor is added. No agglutination is seen. This is_______________?

A. AB group and Rh+ ve
B. O group and Rh- ve
C. O group and Rh+ ve
D. AB group and Rh – ve

AB group has following agglutinins_______________?

A. Anti – A
B. Neither anti A nor anti – B
C. Anti – A & Anti – B
D. Anti – B

Citrate is a useful anticoagulant because of its ability to_____________?

A. Bind factor XII
B. Buffer basic groups of coagulation factors
C. Bind vitamin K
D. Chelate calcium

ESR depends on_______________?

A. Fibrinogen
B. Viscidity
C. Rouleaux
D. All of the above

The normal brown red color of feces results from the presence of_______________?

A. Biliverdin
B. Stercobilin
C. Heme
D. Bilirubin diglucuronide

Which of the following is not a cause of secondary polycythemia ?

A. Pheochromocytoma
B. Myeloproliferative changes
C. High Altitude
D. Cerebellar hemangioblastoma

Which of the following clotting factor is involved only in extrinsic pathway ?

A. X
B. IX
C. II
D. VII

Plasma colloid osmotic pressure is due to________________?

A. Albumin
B. Fibrinogen
C. Globulin
D. Collagen

Decreased MCHC is found in_____________?

A. Microcytic hypochromic anemia
B. Sideroblastic anemia
C. Megaloblastic anemia
D. Vit B12 deficiency

True statement regarding hematopoiesis includes______________?

A. Committed stem cells differentiates into only one cell type
B. Spleen plays a major role in adults (in lymphopoiesis )
C. RES plays a role
D. None

A reliable screening test for platelet function is_______________?

A. PT
B. CT
C. Thrombin
D. Clot retraction time

CO2 is transported in plasma as_____________?

A. Bicarbonate
B. Dissolved
C. Carbomino compounds
D. CO

Immune complexes are removed from blood by _____________?

A. Basophil
B. B cell
C. Plasma cell
D. Kupffer cell

Thromboxane is produced mainly by _______________?

A. Damaged tissue
B. Platelets
C. Liver
D. Vascular endothelium

Increased blood viscosity and slow circulation causes______________?

A. RBC rouleax formation
B. Increased number of RBC in capillaries
C. Increased plasma skimming
D. None

Ions participating in clotting mechanism are________________?

A. Copper
B. Iron
C. Calcium
D. Aluminum

Christmas factor is_____________?

A. VWA
B. PTC
C. PTA
D. Prothrombin

Small lymphocyte is _____________?

A. Same as the size of RBC
B. Bigger than RBC
C. Smaller than RBC
D. None of these

The largest fraction of the total body fluid is_______________?

A. Plasma
B. Intracellular fluid
C. Extracellular fluid
D. Whole blood

Survival time of platelet is approximately______________?

A. 10 weeks
B. 10 days
C. 10 hours
D. 100 days

Serum is blood plasma without_____________?

A. Lymphocytes
B. Fibrinogen
C. Blood cells
D. Plasma colloids

Persons having anti- A and anti- B is agglutinins in their serum belong to which blood group_____________?

A. B
B. A
C. AB
D. O

Albumin is_____________?

A. Chromo protein
B. Nucleo protein
C. Phospho protein
D. Simple protein

Fluid content of the blood is______________?

A. Plasma
B. Water
C. Serum
D. Tissue fluid

The only fixed cell of the connective tissue_______________?

A. Histiocyte
B. Neutrophils
C. Lymphocyte
D. Mast cell

Which of the following is not involved in blood clotting ?

A. Prothrombin
B. Calcium
C. Fibrinogen
D. Fe+2

Immunologically active cells are_____________?

A. Plasma cells
B. Eosinophils
C. MAST cells
D. R.B.C s

For heparin which of the following is ?

A. Inhibits conversion of fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin
B. Is released by mast cells
C. Is released by macrophages
D. Interferes with action of thrombin

Which of the following vitamins is necessary for maturation of blood precursor cells________________?

A. Thiamine
B. Vit- A
C. Riboflavin
D. Cyano cobalamine

Erythropoietin is produced in the_______________?

A. Liver
B. Kidney
C. Bone marrow
D. Spleen

Hematocrit relates to which of the following______________?

A. Total WBC vlume
B. Total RBC volume
C. Total blood volume
D. Plasma filtrate

Serum is______________?

A. Blood – RBC
B. Plasma- fibrin
C. Plasma- clotting factors
D. Blood – all cellular elements

Drumstick is found in_______________?

A. Neutrophils
B. Monocytes
C. Lymphocytes
D. Platelets

Which of them is not affected by vitamin K deficiency_____________?

A. Factor VII
B. Factor IX
C. Factor II
D. Factor VIII

The normal absolute eosinophil count is_____________?

A. 40 to 440 cells/C.mm
B. 1200 to1500cells/C.mm
C. 500 to 900 cells/C.mm
D. 1500 to 2,000cells/C.mm

At what temperature blood is stored______________?

A. 6°C
B. 4°C
C. -4°C
D. 8°C

Which of the following represents most dangerous situation_____________?

A. Rh+ ve mother, bearing her 1st Rh – ve child
B. Rh+ ve mother, bearing her 2nd + ve child
C. Rh+ ve mother, who is bearing 2nd Rh+ ve child
D. Rh – ve mover, bearing her 1stRh + ve child

Histiocytes are_____________?

A. Scavenger cells
B. Released in immunologic response
C. Allergic cells
D. Leukocytes

Which of the following agents in not likely to be found in plasma ?

A. Thrombin
B. Prothrombin
C. Fibrinogen
D. Calcium ion

Hemoglobin has______________?

A. Four heme molecules, 2α and 2β chains
B. Four heme molecules and four polypeptide chains
C. Four polypeptide chains, 2α, 1β,1Υ chain
D. One heme and one globin molecule

Life cycle of RBC is_______________?

A. 90 days
B. 12 days
C. 120 days
D. One month

IN acute infection which of the following is found_______________?

A. Leukocytosis
B. Leucopenia
C. Neutrophilia
D. Neutropenia

T- lymphocytes function to______________?

A. Complement activation
B. Antibody production
C. Lymphokine production and delayed hypersensitivity
D. Immediate hypersensitivity

The anticoagulant of choice used in the blood bank is_______________?

A. Heparin solution
B. Calcium oxalate
C. Acid citrate dextrose solution
D. Sodium fluoride

Normal myeloid / erythroid ratio is______________?

A. 1:1000
B. 1:100
C. 1:5000
D. 1:50

Endocrinology MCQs

Clotting factor common to extrinsic and intrinsic pathway is_____________?

A. Factor III
B. Factor II
C. Factor V
D. Factor VII

Hemostasis depends upon all the following, EXCEPT_______________?

A. Prothrombin
B. Calcium
C. Vitamin B
D. Vitamin K

Activation of which one of the following coagulation factors is not essential for hemostasis________________?

A. XII
B. IX
C. XI
D. X

The half-life of plasma Albumin is approximately___________________?

A. 60 days
B. 20 days
C. 7 days
D. 90 days

Embryonic hemoglobin is composed of________________?

A. Epsilon and gamma
B. Gamma and beta
C. Alpha and beta
D. Gamma and alpha

Lymphocytes are located in each of the following tissues or organs EXCEPT one. The one exception is______________?

A. Brain
B. Lymph nodes
C. Spleen
D. Thymus gland

Which of the following causes lysis of clot______________?

A. Hyaluronidase
B. Plasmin
C. Fibrin
D. Coagulase

Plasma ceruloplasmin alpha 2 globulins is a______________?

A. beta 1 globulin
B. alpha 2 globulin
C. alpha 1 globulin
D. beta 2 globulin

Thrombopoietin is produced by_________________?

A. Megakaryocyte
B. Liver
C. Monocytes
D. Megakaryoblast

Bacteria are most commonly ENGULFED by _________________?

A. Neutrophilic leukocytes
B. Small lymphocytes
C. Large granular lymphocytes
D. Killer cells

Prothrombin time is useful for_______________?

A. Platelet count
B. Detection of clot retraction
C. In hemophilia
D. For evaluation in a patient taking anticoagulant drugs

The conversion of prothrombin to thrombin, the factor participate along with calcium is______________?

A. Labile factor
B. Fibrin
C. Stable factor
D. Thromboplastin

What is the normal PH of human blood_____________?

A. 7.2
B. 7.0
C. 7.35 to 7.4
D. 7.6

Which of the following is not useful for coagulation______________?

A. Plasmin
B. Calcium
C. Thrombin
D. Fibrin

Mineral essential for Hb synthesis_______________?

A. Copper
B. Potassium
C. Sodium
D. Phosphorus

Differential white blood cell counts in the laboratory are useful in the diagnosis of_______________?

A. Vitamin deficiency
B. Eosinophilia
C. Anemia
D. Spherocytosis

The best screening test for hemophilia is_____________?

A. PT
B. BT
C. PTT
D. CRT

Bleeding time is prolonged in a person who_______________?

A. Takes coumarin derivatives
B. Has liver disease
C. Lacks factor VIII
D. Takes large quantities of aspirin

Secondary granules of neutrophils contain______________?

A. Lactoferrin
B. Myeloperoxidase
C. Catalase
D. Nucleosidase

Biconcave shape of RBC helps by___________________?

A. Increasing surface area
B. Increasing flexibility
C. Carrying more Hemoglobin
D. Passing easily through smaller capillaries

Iron is stored in_______________?

A. Plasma
B. Reticule endothelial system
C. RBC
D. All

AB blood group antigen are known as ________ factors?

A. Rhesus
B. Landsteiner
C. Duffy
D. Lutheran

Patient with anemia tends to have all, except________________?

A. Increased incidence of heart murmurs
B. Compensatory increase in cardiac output
C. Pallor of mucous membranes
D. A low PO2 in arterial blood

The function common to neutrophils, monocytes & macrophages is______________?

A. Liberation of histamine
B. Phagocytosis
C. Immune response
D. Destruction of old erythrocytes

CO2 is carried in the blood________________?

A. In physical solution in plasma
B. In combination with hemoglobin
C. In combination with plasma proteins
D. All of the above

Acute bacterial pyogenic infection manifests as_________________?

A. Neutropenia
B. Leukocytosis
C. Leukopenia
D. Lymphopenia

The normal A/G ratio in blood is______________?

A. 1:2
B. 2:1
C. 5:1
D. 1:1

The biological anticoagulant is________________?

A. Sodium citrate
B. EDTA
C. Hirundine
D. Double oxalate mixture

Plasma thromboplastin antecedent is______________?

A. Anti-hemophiliac – B factor
B. Anti-hemophiliac – A factor
C. Anti-hemophiliac – C factor
D. Anti-hemophiliac – F factor

The principal site for granulocytic hemopoiesis in the adult human is________________?

A. The spleen
B. The liver
C. Red bone marrow
D. Yellow bone marrow

The universal blood recipient group is_________________?

A. O+ Ve
B. O- Ve
C. AB- Ve
D. AB+ Ve

The function of plasma cell______________?

A. Phagocytosis
B. CMI
C. Opsonization
D. Antibody formation

Lysis of RBCs are seen in all of the following except__________?

A. Methotrexate therapy
B. Thalassemia
C. Obstructive jaundice
D. Sickle cell anemia

Infants acquire adult hemoglobin level at_____________?

A. Puberty
B. End of 1st year
C. Birth
D. 4 years

The hemoglobin % of a normal newborn is______________?

A. 12
B. 8
C. 10
D. 30

Normal prothrombin time is____________?

A. 30 sec
B. 10-20 sec
C. 5-7 sec
D. 1 min

Which of the following cell type is not a precursor of erythrocyte____________?

A. Norm oblast
B. PR erythroblast
C. Reticulocyte
D. Myeloblast

Major basic protein is an important constituent of which leucocyte_____________?

A. Basophil
B. Eosinophil
C. Neutrophil
D. Lymphocyte

Universal blood donor ill be a blood group of_______________?

A. AB positive
B. Negative
C. Positive
D. AB negative

Normal adult person’s blood contains_____________?

A. 20% eosinophils
B. 30% lymphocytes
C. 40% neutrophils
D. 10% basophils

The eosinophil count in the peripheral blood smear is increased in________________?

A. Allergic conditions
B. Polycythemia
C. Anemia
D. Typhoid fever

Intracellular and interstitial body fluids have similar______________?

A. Total osmotic pressure
B. Chloride ion concentrations
C. Colloid osmotic pressure
D. Potassium ion concentrations

Which of the following is not a vitamin K dependent procoagulant ?

A. Factor VII
B. Factor II
C. Factor IX
D. Factor XI

A patient with A – ve blood group can receive blood from_______________?

A. B negative donor
B. Positive donor
C. AB positive donor
D. A negative donor

Hemoglobin is the major buffer in blood, bicarbonate ions diffuse out of erythrocyte into plasma in exchange of_______________?

A. Phosphate
B. Potassium
C. Carbonic acid
D. Chloride ion

Delay in blood coagulation results from________________?

A. Ferric chloride
B. Heparin
C. Human thrombin
D. Vit- K

The function of vitamin K is______________?

A. Fibrin formation
B. Prothrombin formation
C. Thrombin formation
D. Thromboplastin formation

The most common problem with blood trans fusion_______________?

A. Hemolytic reaction
B. Hypokalemia
C. Remission of disease
D. Metabolic acidosis

Histamine is present on surface of_______________?

A. Neutrophils
B. Mast cells
C. Lymphocytes
D. Erythrocytes

To preserve blood for transfusion later______________?

A. Add solution of calcium chloride
B. Add solution of sodium citrate
C. Dilute with equal volume of 0.9% saline
D. Add fibrinogen

Megaloblasts are precursors of_____________?

A. Myelocytes
B. Norm oblasts
C. Megakaryocytes
D. Macrocytes

Which of the following is one for a patient on coumarin (warfarin) therapy_______________?

A. Bleeding time (BT)
B. Prothrombin time (PT)
C. Partial thromboplastin time ( PTT)
D. Capillary fragility test (CFT)

Which of the following coagulation factors is deficient in classical hemophilia ?

A. VIII
B. IX
C. X IX
D. XII

Most Latest Hematology ( Physiology ) MCQs – Competitive Medical MCQs

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