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New Sociology MCQs – Competitive Sociology MCQs

New Sociology MCQs – Competitive Sociology MCQs

This post is comprising of latest ” ( Sociology ) MCQs – Latest Competitive MCQs “. Here you’ll get latest Sociology mcqs for written test, interview with answers. If you want to improve your knowledge regarding Sociology then read these mcqs of Design of Steel Structures.

Latest Sociology MCQs

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Latest Sociology Mcqs

The most occurred mcqs of Sociology in past papers. Past papers of Sociology Mcqs. Past papers of Sociology Mcqs . Mcqs are the necessary part of any competitive / job related exams. The Mcqs having specific numbers in any written test. It is therefore everyone have to learn / remember the related Sociology Mcqs. The Important series of Sociology Mcqs are given below:

“Division of Labor in Society” increased emphasis on_____________?

A. Specialization
B. Interdependence
C. Occupational Friendships
D. All of these

“” Anomie” is a French word means___________?

A. chaos
B. Harmony
C. Solidarity
D. None of these

According to Durkheim an important component of social life was______________?

A. Social solidarity
B. Individualism
C. Social alienation
D. None of these

The communism developed in USSR and china is_______________?

A. is different from Marxian view
B. Same as Marx envisioned
C. opposite to Marxian view
D. None of these

The solution Marx gave to the problem of alienation was______________?

A. Dictatorship
B. Communism
C. Democracy
D. None of these

According to Marx the fruit of labor should go to________________?

A. equally distributed
B. the working class
C. the capitalist
D. to none of these

Bourgeoisie refers to______________?

A. the capitalist
B. the middle man
C. the working class
D. None of these

Species being means_______________?

A. Self-actualization
B. Self-denial
C. None of the above
D. both of the above

Iron cage of bureaucracy was the perception of_______________?

A. August Comte
B. Max Weber
C. Emile Durkhiem
D. Karl Marx

First Industrial Revolution took place______________?

A. in Europe during 18th and 19th centuries
B. in Asia in 17th century
C. in America in 20th century
D. None of these

Horticulture and agriculture developed_____________?

A. 10,000 to 80,00, B.C.E
B. 100 to 800 B.C.E
C. 1000 to 8000 B.C.C
D. None of these

The difference between horticulture and agriculture is________________?

A. Horticulture only depends on humans for cultivation
B. Horticulture employs machinery and other tools
C. Agriculture employs machinery but horticulture not
D. a and c both

The salient features of Horticulturalist society are______________?

A. Dense populations
B. cultivation of crops
C. Food surplus and division of labor
D. All of above

A pastoralist society depends upon ?

A. domesticated livestock
B. Trade and business
C. agriculture
D. None of these

Society refers to a group of people_____________?

A. Who share a common culture
B. Who share a defined territory
C. Who have different cultures
D. a & b both

Which sociological perspective acknowledges that it is not possible to change gender drastically without dramatic revisions in a cultures social structure ?

A. conflict perspective
B. functionalist perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. both a and b

Which sociological perspective makes the distinction between instrumental and expressive roles ?

A. conflict perspective
B. function perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. labeling theory

A film star whose parents were both factory workers illustrate ?

A. upward intergenerational mobility
B. downward intergenerational mobility
C. upward intergenerational mobility
D. downward intergenerational mobility

Sociological studies of colonialism suggest that____________?

A. colonialism was for the most part beneficial for poor uncivilized countries
B. colonialism has largely disappeared
C. colonialism was inevitable and necessary for human civilization
D. colonialism is perpetuated to this day by practices known as neo-colonialism

Which sociological perspective argues that stratification is universal, and that social inequality is necessary so that people will be motivated to fill socially important positions ?

A. functionalist perspective
B. interactionist perspective
C. conflict perspective
D. labelling perspective

Which of the following are viewed by sociologists as analytically distinct components of stratification ?

A. conformity deviance and social control
B. class status and power
C. class prestige and esteem
D. class caste and age

The caste system is generally associated with______________?

A. Hinduism
B. Judaism
C. Islam
D. Buddhism

The middle classes that developed over the nineteenth century were_____________?

A. an urban set involved in civic bodies and voluntary associations
B. often involved in white collar work
C. too diverse to have a strong sense of class consciousness
D. all of the above

Sociology MCQs

Traditional working-class identity was based around_________________?

A. the class consciousness of members of the proletariat
B. shared working conditions in the manufacturing industry
C. local communities extended kinship networks and shared leisure pursuits
D. collective aspirations to move into the middle class

The kuznets hypothesis states that as economic development proceeds inequality ?

A. first decreases then increases before remaining high
B. first increases then flattens out, before rising again
C. first increases then decreases before remaining low
D. first increases then decreases then increases then decreases

The process of turning the class concept into something measurable is called___________?

A. operationalization
B. modus operandum
C. operational research
D. operant conditioning

The practice of legally enforced marriage within caste is called_____________?

A. exegesis
B. endogeny
C. endogamy
D. exclusion

A system of stratification where positions are partly achieved, and mobility is common is one based on ?

A. caste
B. slavery
C. class
D. status

Which of these statements does not reflect the conventional position in class analysis ?

A. women’s paid work is not as significant as that of men
B. women’s pay is often essential to the family’s economic position
C. class inequalities govern gender stratification
D. women should be seen as being the same class as their husbands/partners

Pierre Bourdieu,s theoretical perspective makes use of the concept of capital Which of the following is not part of his scheme ?

A. political
B. social capital
C. economic capital
D. cultural capital

Which of the following social groups do occupational class schemes not have difficulty accommodating ?

A. the unemployed
B. manual working class
C. students
D. retired people

Which one of the following does not apply to social class systems ?

A. class is economically based
B. class position is entirely subjective
C. class systems are relatively fluid
D. class positions are in part achieved

Which of the following is true regarding the functionalist and conflict theories of social stratification ?

A. Only functionalist theory has merit when discussing social structure
B. Conflict theory is better at explaining inequality
C. Some sociologists have tried to synthesize the conflict and functionalist perspectives to argue that stratification systems are institutions that have evolved in order to reduce conflict
D. none of the above

The conflict theory holds that stratification exists because____________?

A. its benefits individuals and groups who have the power to dominate and exploit others
B. capitalists and workers are class conscious
C. the capitalist drive to distribute wealth equitably is the foundation of modern society
D. privilege prestige and power are equally distributed in society

What is the term used to describe the stages from one’s birth into a family with a specific status through formation of a new family unit ?

A. vertical mobility
B. socioeconomic life cycle
C. intergenerational mobility
D. none of the above

Which of the following is true regarding social mobility ?

A. Social mobility is controlled by those in the higher strata through control of opportunities for training and education
B. Social mobility can occur when societies change altering the division of labor
C. Social mobility occurs only when shifts occur in the availability of different types of talent in the work force
D. none of above

“Underclass “refers to____________?

A. individuals who experience occasional poverty but who move back into the “mainstream” of economic life within 12 months
B. the poor who are concentrated in isolated rural areas
C. the persistently poor who exist mainly because of a sharp climb in joblessness due to a redistribution of jobs in the inner city
D. both b and c

In identifying social classes the reputational method is best suited for investigating social distinctions in_____________?

A. highly transient communities
B. small groups
C. large densely populated areas
D. none of the above

Social inequality is a structured aspect of contemporary life That means that___________?

A. inequality is regulated by the government
B. inequalities are passed from generation to generation
C. inequality occurs in a random fashion
D. none of the above is true

“The division between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat is the key to stratification in capitalist societies “This statement is consistent with the thinking of which theorist ?

A. Marx
B. Parsons
C. Weber
D. Lincoln

According to peter Saunders in modem societies stratification depends on___________?

A. Ethnic groups
B. Social and economic classes
C. Cultural groups
D. None of these

The emergence of a consolidated network of business leadership is most compatible with which ideal-type of capitalism ?

A. managerial capitalism
B. family capitalism
C. welfare capitalism
D. institutional

What is behavior towards a group or individual which treats them differently from other groups or individuals called ?

A. racism
B. discrimination
C. Prejudice
D. projection

The idea that classes vary according to their possession of cultural capital is associated with_____________?

A. John Goldthorpe
B. Max Weber
C. Karl Marx
D. Pierre Bourdieu

Sociology MCQs

Which of the following does John Scott identify as belonging to the middle class ?

A. senior executives
B. finance capitalists
C. industrial entrepreneurs
D. none of the above

The practice of legally enforced marriage within caste is called____________?

A. exegesis
B. endogeny
C. endogamy
D. exclusion

Positivism is most accurately described as the belief that__________________?

A. sociologists should make more use of official statistics
B. knowledge should be produced based on evidence from observations
C. social research should highlight the positive aspects of social life
D. none of the above

According to Max Weber the ideal type refers to______________?

A. a perspective emphasizing the primacy of ideas
B. the best possible outcome available
C. a model based on certain features of a phenomenon
D. the social agenda of political idealists

The term hegemony refers to_____________?

A. a form of dual consciousness based on ideology and everyday experiences
B. a dominant ideology that legitimates economic political
C. the tendency for the working class not to realize their own interests
D. a mode of payment given for outstanding topiary

The embourgeoisement thesis suggests that_____________?

A. white collar occupations are being deskilled by the introduction of new technologies into the workplace
B. the affluent working class is adopting middle class values and ways of life
C. capitalists are being replaced by salaried managers with bureaucratic authority
D. the class structure has fragmented and there are no longer any distinct social classes

The class polarization that Marx predicted referred to________________?

A. the growth of intermediate strata in the middle classes
B. a growing gap between rich and poor resulting in class consciousness
C. the division of each social class into the more or less privileged.
D. the tendency for the working class to live in very could places

A social stratum is_______________?

A. a level in the social hierarchy comprising people with shared life chances
B. the boundary between two levels of the social hierarchy
C. a methodological tool used to identify a person’s social class
D. a symbol of status used to differentiate between social classes

The term culture industry used by members of the Frankfurt School referred to____________?

A. they way in which industrialization had created new means of communication
B. they way in which cultural products were bought and sold for profit
C. the development of subcultures and counter-cultures in society
D. the globalization of culture through new technologies

Bernstein thought that using restricted codes of language disadvantaged pupils at school because____________?

A. they referred to explicit context independent meanings
B. this pattern of speech made them the target of bullying
C. they prevented children from communicating outside of their peer groups
D. they involved short simple sentences with a small vocabulary

Karl Marx held that a social movement the revolt of the proletariat would help workers overcome feelings of____________?

A. socialist consciousness
B. false consciousness
C. class consciousness
D. surplus value

Which of the following conducted observation research on two groups of high school males-the Saints and the Roughnecks-and concluded that social class played an important role in the varying fortunes of the two groups ?

A. Richard Quincy
B. Emile Durkheim
C. Edwin Sutherland
D. William Chambliss

In Society in America which early sociologist gave special attention to status distinctions and to such factors as gender and race ?

A. Max Weber
B. Emile Durkheim
C. Auguste Comte
D. Harriet Martineau

The lower class is often considered to be living in_______________?

A. culture of poverty
B. Mere poverty
C. Culture of lower class
D. None of these

Each social class is a subculture with a system of______________?

A. Set of values
B. Behavior
C. Way of life
D. All of above

The people of the same class share for the most part ?

A. Way of life values
B. Same income level
C. Both of the values
D. None of these

Social stratification is_______________?

A. based entirely on self-classification
B. the ranking or grading of individuals and groups into hierarchical layers
C. a system in which people can change their status with relative ease.
D. none of the above

Which field of study was originally developed in the 1930s as an increasing number of social scientists became aware of the plight of the elderly ?

A. gerontocracy
B. gerontology
C. geriatrics
D. silicide

Which of the following statements about the status of women around the world is correct _____________?

A. Single-parent households headed by women which appear to be on the increase in many nations -are typically found in the poorest section of the population
B. Women constitute one-third of the world’s paid labor force but are generally found in the lowest paying jobs
C. it is estimated that women grow half the world’s food but they rarely own land.
D. all of the above

In studying gender stratification which sociological perspective typically focuses on the micro level of everyday behavior such as cross-sex conversation ?

A. conflict perspective
B. functionalist perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. each of the above

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that the relationship between females and males has been one of unequal power with men in a dominant position over women ?

A. functionalist perspective
B. interactionist perspective
C. conflict perspective
D. dramaturgical perspective

A plumber whose father was a physician is an example of_________________?

A. downward intergenerational mobility
B. downward intergenerational mobility
C. upward intergenerational mobility
D. upward intergenerational mobility

__________ refers to the reputation that a specific person has earned within an occupation?

A. status
B. esteem
C. prestige
D. power

The intellectual tradition at the heart of conflict theory begins principally with the work of_____________?

A. Emile Durkheim
B. Max Weber
C. Erving Goffman
D. Karl Marx

In Karl Marx’s view the destruction of the capitalist system will occur only if the working class first develops______________?

A. false consciousness
B. bourgeois consciousness
C. class consciousness
D. caste consciousness

The most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals or groups is ________________?

A. slavery
B. closed caste systems
C. open class system
D. caste systems

Sociology MCQs

Goldthorpe identified the Service class as______________?

A. those in non-manual occupations exercising authority on behalf of the state
B. the young men and women employed in domestic service in the nineteenth century
C. people working in consultancy firms who were recruited by big businesses
D. those who had worked in the armed services

In modern societies social status is typically measured by a person_______________?

A. income
B. age
C. verbal fluency
D. occupation

The idea that classes vary according to their possession of cultural capital is associated with________________?

A. John Goldthorpe
B. Max Weber
C. Karl Marx
D. Pierre Bourdieu

According to Wright some class locations are contradictory because _______________?

A. there is disagreement about how to interpret them
B. they share features of the positions above and below them
C. their holders do not believe in the notion of class
D. they are impossible for sociologists to measure and classify

Which of the following is NOT a feature of all socially stratified systems ?

A. the ranks of different social categories tend to change very slowly over time
B. people’s life-chances and experiences depend heavily on their social ranking
C. people share characteristics without necessarily identifying with each other
D. stratification occurs because of inequalities in assets or property

Which of these research projects would count as intersectional? A comparative study of employment based on______________?

A. gender and ethnicity
B. social class and gender
C. ethnicity and sexuality
D. all of them

What term is used to describe the movement of individuals up or down the social scale during the course of their working lives ?

A. lateral mobility
B. open mobility
C. intragenerational mobility
D. intergenerational mobility

What term is used to describe the way that the varied aspects of an individual’s identity-such as class ethnicity gender disability and location -interact to produce complex patterns of inequality poverty and discrimination ?

A. intersectionality
B. mobility
C. ascription
D. meritocracy

A social class is a group of people who stand in a common relationship to the means of production Whose perspective does this definition describe ?

A. Erik Olin-Wright
B. Max Weber
C. John Goldthorpe
D. Karl Marx

New Sociology MCQs – Competitive Sociology MCQs